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Amazing Facts About Frogs
1. There are almost five thousand known species of the frogs. Toads are included. Biologists don't really treat them differently. They all belong to the same group of animals.
2. Frogs don't drink! They absorb all needed moisture through the skin.
3. Several species of frogs have so translucent skin you can see their internal organs. They are called glass frogs.
4. Paedophryne amauensis is a frog species which grow only up to 0.8 cm what makes it the worlds smallest known vertebrate.
5. The hairy frog Trichobatrachus robustus is sometimes also called the horror frog. It owes its name to hairy (1) body and ability to break its own bones and stick them out of the skin to shock the enemy. It's able to retract the bones later and completely heal the wounds.
6. Only 5 cm long golden poison dart frog (Phyllobates terribilis) possess enough poison to kill up to 20 adult men.
7. Waxy monkey tree frog (Phyllomedusa sauvagii) produces a mix of alkaloids with narcotic power forty times stronger than morphine. Native Indians in Peru used this skin excretion called Sapo or Kambo before hunting or going on the warpath because it is an extremely powerful painkiller. It also suppresses hunger, thirst, and tiredness, intensifies sensitivity of senses, increasing physical strength at the same time. Medicine is still trying to find a way to safely introduce it in pharmacy, but owners of racehorses already abuse it.
8. Frogs, especially their legs, are popular in several world cuisines. The raising demand put frogs on the lists of endangered species in many countries, many are already extinct, due intensive hunting the natural balance and agriculture in many parts of the world were ruined, but frog farming introduced new problems - escaped animals became invasive species in new environments.
9. Most frogs are able to jump about twenty lengths of their bodies (for a human that would be more than thirty meters!) and some of the frogs living in the trees are also successful gliders being able to glide up to fifteen meters from the starting point.
10. Suriname toad (Pipa pipa) has a unique way of reproduction. A female lays eggs in batches of three to ten. These eggs are caught in the holes on their backs where tadpoles hatch and grow up to the fully developed toad stage.
11. There are also species of frogs which carry the fertilized eggs in their stomachs until tadpoles hatch and are then carried up to another two months - to jump out of the adult's mouth as fully developed frogs.
12. Each frog species has its own specific sound. Some are croaking, others barking, chirping, clucking, whistling, ...
13. Common coqui frog (Eleutherodactylus coqui) is the loudest known frog. With a call reaching one hundred decibels it equals the sound of the power lawn mower. Coqui frog is one of the symbols of Puerto Rico.
14. Frogs are extremely elastic and squishy animals capable to urinate out (!) a radio transmitter of a quarter of their lengths stabbed in their backs in a matter of a few days. It looks the evolution forced them to learn how to get rid of any foreign object out of the organism in order to survive.
15. Many frogs have extremely powerful tongues, being able to build the forces up to two times bigger than their own weight. Imagine being able to catch and pull a 150 kg pig with the sheer power of your tongue!
16. Holy Cross frog (Notaden bennettii) from Australia deserts produces the strongest non-toxic glue in the world. They spend nine months of the year underground. When it rains they come to the surface and numerous insects try to bite them. Instead of that, they are trapped on the skin which is shed later to provide a tasty and nutritious meal to the frogs.
17. Torrent frogs (Odorrana tormota) are able to communicate with each other on a chosen frequency (including ultrasound) being able to hear whatever they want no matter how much noise is in their surrounding. They also use the sound for locating possible mating opportunities.
18. Australian green tree frogs (Litoria caerulea) are able to live in deserts where there is no rain for months. They are hiding in hollow trees during the days, leaving them in the colder nights when they collect condensed water from air which is drunk through their skin.
19. Frogs are the only vertebrates immune to mosquito bites thanks to special repellents produced on their skin. Unfortunately, these repellents are too stinky to use among humans but there is still hope to find a way in the foreseeing future.
20. Every year when a frog goes into a hibernation a new layer of calcium sheath is formed around the bones. You can count these to find frogs age just like you can count the tree rings to find the age of a tree.
21. Frogs in captivity can live up to 20 years.
22. Frogs regularly shed their skin. Most of them do that once per week and some even every single day! After that, they usually eat it.
23. Frogs swallow with a power of their eye muscles. When they catch a pray in their mouths, they retract eyes and push the food in their stomachs!
24. The eyes of the frogs have usually excellent night vision. They are able to see in all ways at the same time - front, back, and both sides.
25. There is a frog in Indonesia (Barbourula kalimantanensis) which breaths through its skin only. It has no lungs!
26. While most frogs just lay their eggs and leave them, some are actually very devoted parents. The male of strawberry dart frog species guards the eggs and regularly waters them to keep the amount of moisture in safety measures.
27. The biggest frog in the world is Goliath frog. It lives in West Africa and weights up to three kg.
28. The world smelliest frog species lives is Venezuelan skunk frog (Aromabates nocturnus) and produces the same compound as skunks.
29. Frogs are around at least for two hundred million years. They lived before dinosaurs, they survived them but are today, thanks to the human race, more endangered as ever before.
30. The wood frog living in the Arctic Circle uses glucose in its blood as an antifreeze to survive even up to two-thirds of its body is frozen.
31. While most of the frogs live in fresh water some species adapted to live in areas with salty waters as well.
32. Their amazing transformations, adaptability, and fertility earned frogs many places in stories, myths, fables and fairy tales all over the world. The most known of all is probably The Frog King by Brothers Grimm.
33. Thanks to the close connection of frogs with water, life, and fertility they are widely considered as a sign of good luck and a popular motif on talismans.
34. A dream about the frog should always be explained in the context of the dream and the dreamer, but in most cases predicts important changes. Dreaming about a frog when you are in a serious relationship often means disappointment, cheating or similar unpleasant event in your love. The bigger the frog, bigger the problem or obstacle to solve or overcome. But if a frog is in the grass, it can mean you are about to meet somebody new and this person will soon become very important in your life. If you are dreaming about catching the frog, this may be a sign of illness, but if you are eating the frog, something good, probably in the field of finance, awaits for you in the near future.
Amazing and Fun Facts about the Month of July
1. The month of July got its name after Julius Caesar in year 46 BC. He died two years before and Roman senate decided to name then the fifth month in the calendar (then with ten months), then named Quintilis (he was born in Quintilis) in his honor.
Julius Caesar was not only a legendary general and statesman but he also changed the calendar from then much more confusing calendar with a so-called intercalary month to now still used calendar with 365 days and one leap day every four years. He also decided to put January and February at the beginning of the year, what actually made his birth month (named The Fifth) the seventh month of the year. Another change was an addition of ten days to the before 355 days long Roman calendar, what made all twelve months long as they are still today.
2. July always starts on the same day of the week as April in the same year. No other month ends on the same day of the week as the month of July. The only exception is January on leap years.
Credit: Free Calendar for July
3. The Flower of July is water lily.
Symbolism of water lily varies by country. In general it is associated with creation, fertility and rebirth, but also depends on the color of the flower:
White is associated with peace, mental purity.
Yellow is a symbol of confidence.
Pink water lily represents the highest deity.
Blue stands for knowledge.
Red Lily is for love and passion.
4. July is the hottest month in Northern and the coldest month in Southern Hemisphere. Traditional Dog Days, known by their hotness start on July 3rd and end on August 11th.
5. Some of the most weird celebrations in July are:
1 National Creative Ice Cream Flavor Day
2 World UFO Day
4 Sidewalk Egg Frying Day
6 International Kissing Day
8 International Criers Day
10 Teddy Bear Picnic Day
11 Slurpee Day
13 National French Fries Day
14 National Nude Day
17 Yellow Pig Day
19 National Flitch Day
26 National Talk in Elevator Day
27 Bagpipe Appreciation Day
29 National Lasagna Day
6. The Birthstone of July is Ruby. It is a stone of love, passion, zest for live, energy and power. People believed for many centuries they can restore youth and vitality by rubbing ruby on their skin. In crystal therapy, it is used to raise enthusiasm and metabolism enhancement.
Being associated with wealth and power it's still considered as a stone of the kings. Ancient people believed that wearing a ruby on the left hand, closer hand to the heart, guarantees peace and safety to the wearer and his property. Books of dreams explain dreaming about rubies as a sign of success in professional life.
7. July is in the USA called the National Anti-Boredom Month, National Baked Beans Month, National Blueberry Month, National Cell Phone Courtesy Month, National Culinary Arts Month, National Grilling Month, National Honey Month, National Horseradish Month, National Hot Dog Month, National Pancake Month, National Picnic Month, Relish Ice Cream Month and also International Women with Alopecia Month, Bereaved Parents Awareness Month, Juvenile Arthritis Awareness Month, National Make A Difference to Children Month or National Minority Mental Health Month. We can call it a Family Golf Month, International Pickle Month or a World Watercolor Month as well.
There are two special weeks in July, both closely related to the hot sunny days characteristic for July: the second is a Nude Recreation Week and the 8. third is a Capture a Sunset Week.
9. July is a month for zodiacal Cancer or Leo. People born in July are believed to be very curious, sensitive, extremely attached to their families, don't bear hard feelings for too long and are in general very concerned about other what makes them good friends and advisors
10. Some people believe July is not a good month for weddings.
There is an old saying:
Married in July with flowers ablaze,
Bitter-sweet memories in after days.
We couldn't find a logical reason for this belief (with an exception of having obvious difficuilties throwing a wedding party when all your friends are on vacations), but we can add it is not considered as unluckiest month of all. May is the winner in this case.
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